A title search in real estate is a process of researching of a real property history. It is done when a real property is being sold and getting a new owner.
The property buyer wants to investigate the history of a particular property by looking into legal records for any changes done, inconsitency and irregularities with the legal documents of the property. All the legal documents show events in the history of real estate.
All recorded documents regarding a specific real estate property are looked into to decide on the current condition of real estate title.
When buying a real property, a title search is done to answer three main questions regarding a real property :
- Does the seller have a saleable and marketable claim in the property?
- What kind of restrictions or allowances come with the use of the land? ( example: real covenants, easements and others)
- Do any liens exist on the property which need to be paid off at closing? ( example: mortgages, back taxes, mechanic’s liens, and others)